Measuring family communication in pediatric nursing: Psychometric properties of the Parent-Child Communication Scale – Child Report (PCCS-CR)
Communication quality is an essential indicator of family functioning and represents an important outcome after pediatric nursing interventions. However, few well-documented child-report questionnaires for family communication exist. We aimed to document the psychometric properties of a previously developed child-rated family communication scale for use in pediatric nursing.
Design and methods
We examined the Parent-Child Communication Scale – Child Report (PCCS-CR) in terms of factor structure, convergent validity against the Experiences in Close Relationships-Relationship Structures scale (ECR-RS), and known-groups validity between a sample of siblings of children with pediatric health conditions and controls. The sample comprised 101 siblings of children with a pediatric health condition and 44 controls (M age = 11.5 years, SD = 2.2).
We confirmed a two-factor structure of the PCCS-CR. One factor is communication from the child to the parent, labelled child communication (e.g., “I discuss problems with my parents”) and the other is communication from the parent to the child, labelled parent communication (e.g., “My parent is a good listener”). Convergent validity of the PCCS-CR was demonstrated through correlations with ECR-RS (r = −0.73 to −0.22, p ≤ .05). Further, construct validity through differences between families with and without a child with a pediatric health condition was demonstrated (g = 0.36–0.83, p ≤ .052).
The PCCS-CR appears to be a psychometrically sound measure of parent-child communication from the child’s point of view.
The PCCS-CR can be administered in pediatric nursing care and can be used to target and measure the outcomes of interventions aimed at enhancing family functioning.
Orm, S., Haukeland, Y., Vatne, T. M., & Fjermestad, K. W.